Preventing Falls – Can it be done?

It is being reported that 1 in every 3 adults over the age of 65 falls. Falls can be the major cause for sever injuries including hip fractures, head injuries and even death. Fall prevention programs are very common and are of a major health care concern. Facilities that manage a patients underlying falls risk factors and providing an environment for optimizing each individuals functional needs is an important factor in fall prevention and awareness training.

How big of a problem are falls?
About 1/3 of older adults fall each year and less than 1/2 talk to their healthcare provider about these falls. Falls are the leading cause for both non-fatal and fatal injuries. In 2010, 2.3 million non-fatal falls resulted in 662,000 being admitted to the hospital, with an adjusted cost (for inflation) of about $30 billion.

Who is at risk?
Those with mobility problems, decreased strength and coordination, chronic health conditions, vision loss, loss of sensation in feet and those who are inactive. Ones medications can have significant side effects, alcohol use, living in a cluttered environment, poor lighting, incorrect size of shoes, assistive devices and poorly designed public spaces can all impact ones risk factors.

How can one reduce the risk of falls?
Regular exercise, review your medication list with your physician, have your eyes checked regularly, de-clutter your home and make it safer, eat a healthy balanced diet and supplement with adequate vitamins, loose weight and get screened for osteoporosis.

There are many aspects of screening, evaluating and treating falls. By taking into consideration each individuals needs and concerns, an individualized program can be developed to keep you more active and lessen the chances of a fall. Education is key in the prevention of falls too and being aware of your surroundings, knowing how to properly use assistive devices, getting on an exercise program that is fun and keeps your motivated and being part of a support network that helps you when you have questions or need help is all part of the process of preventing falls and maintaining a healthy functional life.

Vestibular Rehabilitation

There are many causes of central dizziness: head injury, anxiety, migraine, medications, cervical issues, concussions, BPPV just to name a few. It is important to have a thorough evaluation by your physician to accurately diagnose and by an expertly trained physical therapist to evaluate and treat your condition. Dizziness can impact your ability to function on a daily basis, such as rolling over in bed, going from sit to stand, driving your car, playing sports or other activities you may enjoy.

Seeing an expert can not only aide in decreasing your signs and symptoms, there are time when your dizziness can completely go away. Other times, we teach you how to manage your dizziness so you can function as normally as possible. Everyone is different, and no one person experiences dizziness and functional loss the same. That is why is it imperative to seek experts that are knowledgeable and resourceful so you get the best treatment available.

For more information, please visit our website at: or give us a call: 626-593-2283, or drop us an email:

Arthritis and Moving!

Approximately 50 Million Americans have been diagnosed with arthritis – of which 2/3 are under the age of 65 – and are greatly impacted by this musculoskeletal disease of the joints.

There are 2 major types of arthritis – Osteoarthritis, the degenerative joint disease, and – Inflammatory Rheumatoid Arthritis, the auto-immune disease that inflames the joints. There are more than 100 types of arthritis, so you can only be diagnosed by your physician.

It is important to recognize your risk factors including family history, excessive weight, joint overuse or injury, etc. Essential things to keep in mind if you have or are likely to have arthritis is to: 1) try to maintain a healthy body weight, 2) keep a regular exercise regime, 3) consider non-medicinal pain remedies and 4) be open to non traditional pain relief such as herbal supplements, massage, acupuncture, relaxation techniques and topical pain gels. Always check with your physician prior to anything new, as you want to make sure there are no complication with other remedies you are on.

Arthritis can affect how you move and your balance and coordination, and despite the fact that moving can be uncomfortable and at times painful, it is important to keep moving to prevent further complications from NOT moving.

We at Arroyo Physical Therapy can help you get more active by designing an exercise routine for your that will help keep you motivated, flexible, moving and reduce your risk of falls. Consider coming in for a free fall and balance screening and we will be happy to discuss your needs.

Balance Therapy for Strokes!

It is a known fact that those that have a stroke are more likely to experience a higher risk of falls due to the disruption of the reactions that control equilibrium and the overall decreased ability to control proper weight shifting and decreased postural awareness.

As a result, it is imperative that these balance problems be addressed as quickly as possible to prevent long term disability. Therapy specifically designed to improve balance post stroke, should focus on a multi-sensory approach (neuro-developmental training) which emphasizes and focusses more of the quality of functional movement thus allowing an individual to develop necessary functional mobility skills. Having more emphasis on “quality” of movement can have a superior impact on ones balance and gait post stroke vs conventional therapy approaches.

Exercises that promote weight shifting in up-right positions, such as standing, stepping strategies (on flat surfaces and over obstacles) and functional movement in all planes of motions have more of an impact on promoting balance awareness in post stroke patients.

For more information, please visit our web site at: or give us a call: 626-593-2283, or email us: